Charles received his PhD in Political Science from M.I.T. After selling Vermeer Technologies of which he was co-founder, Ferguson has been a visiting scholar at M.I.T. and U.C. Berkeley, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and wrote three books on information technology. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a director of the French-American Foundation, and CEO of Representational Pictures, he resides in Berkeley, California.