Carla Norrlof is an associate professor of political science at the University of Toronto, where she researches international cooperation with a special focus on great powers, and in particular, U.S. hegemony. She is the author of “America’s Global Advantage: US Hegemony and International Cooperation,” and her works on cooperation, hegemony, and the international political economy of trade, investment, and conflict have been published widely, including in the Cambridge University Press, MIT Press, and Oxford University Press. A Swedish national, born in Addis Ababa, Norrlof has lived in Stockholm, Gaborone, New York, Paris, Geneva, and Toronto.
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"Politicians and pundits have suggested many different responses to the populist phenomenon: reducing inequality, protecting major industries from international trade, curbing immigration. But these are all indirect solutions. The best way to counter the populist trend is to address the underlying problem head-on, by fostering more liberal attitudes. There is a lot of evidence that the best way to promote liberal values is by giving more people more education. In every place where populism is surging, the main determinant of whether someone holds liberal values is his or her level of education. Higher education emphasizes equality, tolerance, and critical thinking; those without access to it are far more likely to oppose liberal values and practices."
"The widening gap between rich and poor Americans contributed to making the MAGA slogan a rallying cry for his campaign. But while economic woes may explain some of his support—income and income growth do not fully capture Trump's anti-globalization appeal. Education and race were much stronger predictors of the 2016 vote."