Elaine Kamarck is a senior fellow in the Governance Studies program as well as the Director of the Center for Effective Public Management at the Brookings Institution. She is an expert on American electoral politics and government innovation and reform in the United States, OECD nations, and developing countries. She focuses her research on the presidential nomination system and American politics. Kamarck is the author of “Primary Politics: Everything You Need to Know about How America Nominates Its Presidential Candidates.” Elaine has been a member of the Democratic National Committee since 1997 and has participated in four presidential campaigns and in ten nominating conventions—including two Republican conventions—and has served as a superdelegate to five Democratic conventions. She served in the White House from 1993 to 1997, where she created and managed the Clinton Administration's National Performance Review